In the US, more than 80% of adults have diabetes, which can lead to the condition affecting up to 50 million people in the US alone.
In 2016, the World Health Organization reported that, in the last decade, the number of people who were diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes increased by nearly 20% in the United States.
“In addition to being the number one cause of disability, diabetes is also the number two killer in the world,” said Dr Andrew Johnson, senior lecturer in the department of medicine at University of Nottingham, UK.
“So the challenge we have in the future is to find ways of reducing these rates of diabetes and the rates of obesity.”
Dr Johnson’s work is based on a large meta-analysis of published data from around the world.
The meta-analyses have a “predictive” component that allows researchers to predict how an intervention will be used.
That means, based on what works in the past, what works now and what might work better in the near future, they can come up with ideas for new interventions.
For instance, a study published in the Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2017 found that when researchers tried to use a food to control diabetes, people in an intervention group lost more weight and had lower blood pressure than those who did not.
“We’ve found that interventions that increase consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, particularly artificially sweetened beverages like diet drinks, may have a positive impact on diabetes and obesity,” Dr Johnson said.
“But it’s the same with weight loss.
It’s all about what we can do with this information.”
One of the main reasons why Dr Johnson wants to find solutions to this problem is because, despite what is happening to the US and other developed countries, people don’t realise how bad it is.
“People are scared to talk about weight loss,” Dr Jones said.
He said there is no way to avoid diabetes in people without being affected by it.
The only way to stop diabetes is to reduce the number and type of calories you consume.
“If you want to lose weight, then you need to take action on the way you eat, and it is possible to do this in a way that reduces the amount of calories we eat, but that’s not the only way,” Dr Smith said.
The research will be presented at the American Society for Clinical Nutrition (ASCP) Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida, on Wednesday.
Key points: Dieters can reduce their diabetes risk by switching to a diet that contains less sugar, fruit and vegetables and less processed foods Source: ABC News article Dr Jones is currently working on a new way to help diabetes patients reduce their insulin levels by reducing sugar intake.
“A number of the things we know about diabetes are based on the idea that it’s a chronic disease that affects your brain, and we know that the way that your body is metabolised, the way it is regulated, is influenced by the amount and type and quantity of sugar that you eat,” he said.
For example, if you are overweight, your body will produce more insulin, which is necessary to control blood sugar levels.
“This can lead you to have a higher insulin response to a meal than someone who is leaner, and this is because the body needs glucose to be metabolised.”
Dr Jones’ research will also focus on reducing sugar-induced inflammation, which affects the immune system and the pancreas.
This can lead people to develop diabetes when their insulin is low.
“I’m looking at the ways that we can modify the food we eat to reduce these chronic diseases associated with diabetes, so that we don’t get the complications associated with it,” Dr Graham said.
With more than 100 million Americans with diabetes on average, the cost of treatment is estimated at $8 billion per year.
Dr Johnson and Dr Graham are hoping to create a trial for people to see if the new method can help reduce the costs of treating diabetes.
“With the current funding, we can only do this on a limited scale and we will need to see how it works in a real trial,” Dr Kelly said.
Dr Jones and Dr Kelly are hoping that their new research will lead to new drugs that can help people with Type 1 diabetes, and also help people who have Type 2 Diabetes.
“Our research will have huge benefits in treating diabetes in the coming years, and there are a lot of opportunities in that field,” Dr Wilson said.