What are you doing to avoid kidney disease?
According to research, it is all about a specific carbohydrate diet that is designed to prevent your body from digesting the waste material from your kidneys.
The problem is that most people are consuming too much of the “good” carbohydrates, the research has found.
For example, consuming a daily serving of fruits and vegetables could result in a 10% reduction in the risk of kidney stones.
“This is not good,” said Dr. Anup Kumar of the Centre for Health Research and Policy Research, a think tank in New Delhi.
“The main issue is not that we eat too much, it’s that we are consuming so much that the kidneys are not functioning properly,” Kumar said.
The study, published in the journal American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, showed that a daily diet with a specific diet for your kidney function and the body’s response to excess carbohydrate intake would reduce the risk significantly.
The research team looked at 5,000 people who had kidney disease and found that those who had a specific carbohydrate diet were more likely to lose their kidney stone and were less likely to have a stone at the time of death.
In fact, those who followed a specific low-carbohydrate diet had a significantly lower risk of stone formation.
What’s more, the researchers found that the benefits were seen even if people followed a low-fat, high-carbohydrates diet.
For those who ate a low carbohydrate diet, there was no benefit, but the researchers said the benefits did not stop there.
They also found that if the person was overweight or obese, the benefits from a low carbohydrate or a high fat diet might even outweigh the risks.
“If you follow a specific high carbohydrate diet you have less of an effect on the risk,” said Kumar.
“It may not be that much of a benefit, because it is more beneficial than the low-fiber diet, but that is a different story,” he added.
According to Kumar, people who follow a high-protein, high carbohydrate or a low fat diet should be careful not to overeat or take in too much sugar.
“In general, you should avoid any high-fat food, as it is very likely to cause weight gain,” Kumar told the BBC.
“But if you are obese or overweight, you might want to keep an extra portion of fat in your diet, which is an easy way to maintain weight,” he said.
Dr. Shaina Rao, a dietitian and the author of The Kidney Diet, a new book on kidney disease prevention, said the findings are interesting, but not necessarily conclusive.
“I think that the reason for the effect is that the body reacts to the high carbohydrate, low fat or low sugar intake, which results in a very similar weight gain, as a result of which there is a reduction in kidney stones,” Rao told ABC News.
Rao also added that the effects of a specific protein and fat diet are not limited to a single protein or fat and could be spread across many macronutrients.
The American Journal article also found people with kidney disease were at higher risk of developing certain chronic diseases, including hypertension, diabetes and arthritis.
The authors suggest the findings may be relevant to people with other types of kidney disease.
“There are two aspects to the study,” said Rao.
“First, it showed that people who have kidney disease had a higher risk for certain chronic illnesses, and secondly, it indicated that the consumption of a certain carbohydrate diet was associated with an increased risk of chronic disease,” Rao said.
It is unclear if the study’s findings apply to people who do not have kidney diseases, but Rao said it may be helpful to focus on specific foods that are low in carbs and high in protein and fats.
“You should always focus on those foods,” she said.